Each year we come to the end of the year and the IRS (Internal Revenue Service) comes out with the next years mileage rate.
The 2021 IRS business mileage rate will go into effect January 1, 2021. The IRS business mileage standard rate offers U.S. employers a tax-free threshold for their reimbursements. This is important because, in many cases, organizations are required to reimburse mobile workers for the business use of mixed-use or personally-owned assets that are required for their jobs – such as vehicles.
2020’s rate for business driving: 57.5 cents per mile.
Rates for the previous four years: 58 cents for 2019; 54.5 cents for 2018; 53.5 cents for 2017; and 54 cents for 2016.
What’s Behind This Year’s Rate Decrease?
While it may not feel surprised to see a lower rate in a down economy, this is only the second time in the past decade that there have been two consecutive rate reductions. The rate itself is calculated with data provided by Motus, which uses insights from the world’s largest retained pool of drivers to conduct statistical analysis of data from the prior year in order to inform the IRS about trends in business driving.
Information Directly From The IRS
IR-2020-279, December 22, 2020
WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service today issued the 2021 optional standard mileage rates used to calculate the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, charitable, medical or moving purposes.
Beginning on January 1, 2021, the standard mileage rates for the use of a car (also vans, pickups or panel trucks) will be:
- 56 cents per mile driven for business use, down 1.5 cents from the rate for 2020,
- 16 cents per mile driven for medical, or moving purposes for qualified active duty members of the Armed Forces, down 1 cent from the rate for 2020, and
- 14 cents per mile driven in service of charitable organizations, the rate is set by statute and remains unchanged from 2020.
The standard mileage rate for business use is based on an annual study of the fixed and variable costs of operating an automobile. The rate for medical and moving purposes is based on the variable costs.
It is important to note that under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, taxpayers cannot claim a miscellaneous itemized deduction for unreimbursed employee travel expenses. Taxpayers also cannot claim a deduction for moving expenses, unless they are members of the Armed Forces on active duty moving under orders to a permanent change of station. For more details see Moving Expenses for Members of the Armed Forces.
Taxpayers always have the option of calculating the actual costs of using their vehicle rather than using the standard mileage rates.
Taxpayers can use the standard mileage rate but must opt to use it in the first year the car is available for business use. Then, in later years, they can choose either the standard mileage rate or actual expenses. Leased vehicles must use the standard mileage rate method for the entire lease period (including renewals) if the standard mileage rate is chosen.
Notice 2021-02 PDF, contains the optional 2021 standard mileage rates, as well as the maximum automobile cost used to calculate the allowance under a fixed and variable rate (FAVR) plan. In addition, the notice provides the maximum fair market value of employer-provided automobiles first made available to employees for personal use in calendar year 2021 for which employers may use the fleet-average valuation rule in or the vehicle cents-per-mile valuation rule.